The term Vangaladesa is found in 11th century South Indian records.Archaeological evidence confirms that by the second millennium BCE, rice-cultivating communities inhabited the region.It was also a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade.As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements.
Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia.
Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it.
The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area.
Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 43th in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity.
It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world.