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Copyright is a limited monopoly granted to the author of a work.
It gives the author the exclusive right, among other things, to make copies of the work, hence the name.
Now June is not uncommon, and who's to say when May will see the onset of fantasy dates.
Occasionally this comes up as a point of complaint on librarians' (especially catalogers') email discussion lists, but the prevailing attitude is that in 5-10 years a fudge factor of 6 months to a year won't matter in the scheme of literary output.
(However, when some character or part of the work is also trademarked, as in the case of Tarzan, it may not be possible to release new works with that trademark, since trademark does not expire in the same way as copyright. Government documents can never be copyrighted in the first place; they are "born" into the public domain. When that period is up, the book enters the public domain. Some books published without a copyright notice, for example, have fallen into the public domain. Please refer to our Public Domain and Copyright How-To for more detailed information. Its copyright date is 1894, which is before 1923, so its copyright has lapsed, in the U. When a copyright holder places a book into the public domain and wants PG to publish it, all we need is a letter or in-book statement saying that they are or were the holder of the copyright, and that they have released it into the public domain.
If you propose to base new works on public domain material, you should investigate possible trademark issues first.) A book, or other copyrightable work, enters the public domain when its copyright lapses or when the copyright owner releases it to the public domain. There are certain other exceptional cases: for example, if a substantial number of copies were printed and distributed in the U. before March, 1989 without a copyright notice, and the work is of entirely American authorship, or was first published in the United States, the work is in the public domain in the U. Any book published anywhere before 1923 is in the public domain in the U. An author may sell, assign, license, bequeath or otherwise transfer his or her copyright to another party, such as a publisher or heir.
You don't need to ask permission from anyone to do any of this. Books can be released into the public domain by the owners of their copyrights. Some books published before 1964, and whose copyright was not renewed, are in the public domain.
When a text is in the public domain, it belongs as much to you as to anyone. Some books published without a copyright notice in the U. If you want to rely on anything except the 1923 rule, things can get complicated, and the rules do change with time. A simple written statement, which may be placed into the work as released, is sufficient.
If there's a significant discrepancy between publication date and copyright date, it's noted in the cataloging.
What month do the new automobile model years start anyway?
Some publishers try to make books look newer by "updating" their LCCNs.
A book is eligible for inclusion in the archives if we can legally publish it. A borderline example is the classic "Seven Pillars of Wisdom" by T. Lawrence, which was actually printed and privately distributed, but not "published", in 1922.
We can legally publish any material that is in the public domain in the U. (C.10), or for which we have the permission of the copyright holder. Works that were created but not "published" before 1978 will not enter the public domain before the end of 2002. We haven't been able to confirm any pre-1923 "publication" for this.