Dating girls in kumbakonam
The handleless lamps usually have an elongated nozzle, and sometimes have a lug rising diagonally from the periphery.
The lug may act as a small handle where the thumb rests. It was speculated that pierced lugs were used to place a pen or straw, called the acus or festuca, with which the wick was trimmed.
Even though they fall less in number to the Brahmin Social Reformers, Poets, famous Politicians in whole of Andhra history, they have gained good inroads in recent past. Kammas can claim credit for introducing modern agricultural techniques in the state.
Today, some of the most efficient professional institutions in the state are run by the Kammas.
The use of oil lamps began thousands of years ago and continues to this day, although not commonly anymore.
They are often associated with stories in which rubbing an oil lamp would summon a genie dwelling in it.
One admirable characteristic about them is their recognition and belief in the dignity of labor, and are not above lending a hand to hired help and doing some field work themselves in agriculture if they see a need, which is generally considered something to be avoided in India by the upper castes. Kammas are also concentrated in some parts of Nizamabad, Nalgonda, Warangal, Kurnool, Hyderabad and Vizag Districts, in the remaining Districts Kammas are very less in count.
These in turn were replaced by the kerosene lamp in about 1850.
In small towns and rural areas the latter continued in use well into the 20th century, until such areas were finally electrified and light bulbs could be used.
Others think that the pierced lugs were used to hang the lamp with a metal hook when not in use.
Lamps can be categorized based on different criteria, including material (clay, silver, bronze, gold, stone, slip), shape, structure, design, and imagery (e.g.